Passive Voice: Show, Don’t Tell
Posted by Author Dayna Leigh Cheser
Grammar is why modern word processors are great. You see all your mistakes – in real-time. I don’t know about other word processors, but Microsoft Word™ seems to have a ‘Passive Voice’ fetish.
If I had to rate the grammatical errors in my writing, ‘Passive Voice’ would be at or close to the top of the list. When I’m typing, I see the offending words appear on the screen, with a ‘green underline’ (Word’s way of telling you that you’ve made a mistake).
Oh boy! What did I do wrong this time?
So, I right-click on the underlined words, and there it is … again!
“Passive Voice (consider revising)”
For the next few moments, I experiment with different options until the ‘green underline’ goes away, but sometimes, I WANT the ‘Passive Voice,’ … or at least I think I do. The paragraph works better with the passive sentence structure … but Word says it’s wrong. Okay, I’m confused … and frustrated.
So, I decided that since I have this ongoing difficulty with ‘Passive Voice,’ maybe now is the time to research it. Perhaps, with a little education, I can teach myself to not do it any more (and save myself revision time).
.For authors, the ‘Active Voice’ sentences often do a better job of ‘show, don’t tell,’ but not always. This chart illustrates the problem. The same words, written in different ways, can have entirely different meanings.
Wikipedia describes Passive Voice as “… a grammatical construction (a “voice”) in which the subject of a sentence or clause denotes the recipient of the action rather than the performer (the agent). The English passive voice is formed with an auxiliary verb (usually, but not always: be, was, get, are, or has, among others) plus a participle (usually the past participle) of a transitive verb.”
Hey, that’s fine if you have a degree in English and you remember what ‘auxiliary verbs,’ ‘participles,’ ‘past participles,’and ‘transitive verbs’ are!
Let’s try this another way, with examples.
From the chart above: “The cake is being baked by Mike” is in the Passive Voice sentence. The subject is the CAKE and it’s affected by the ‘being baked’ action of the verb. The Active Voice sentence is: “Mike is baking a cake” in which the subject signifies the agent, or doer, Mike. So passive = the cake, and active = Mike.
Another way of saying this is that Passive Voice is used when the focus is on the action. Who or what is performing the action isn’t important, or even known. Example: “My house was painted last week.” The Active Voice indicates, in this case, who or what did the painting. “John painted my house last week.” “ABC Contracting painted my house last week.” Here, it’s passive = painted, and active = John or ABC Contracting.
- Active: “I fixed the leaky faucet on the sink.” (To say what the subject [I] did)
- Passive: “The leaky faucet is being fixed.” (To say what happens to things [the faucet] or people, or, to say what is done to them)
- Passive: “The faucet was fixed by XYZ Plumbing yesterday.” (The action [the faucet being fixed] is more important than who did it)
- Passive: “The faucets were made in Texas.” (When we don’t know who [made the faucets] did the action)
English, with it’s multi-lingual components, is a difficult language, even for native speakers/writers! However, the bottom line is that passive sentences are not necessarily WRONG, but a sentence analysis is needed. What was your intent for the sentence? What did you want to say? Was it about the action, or the person/thing? Word the sentence according to your intent, and don’t let the ‘green underline’ mess with your head! (Whew! What a relief!)
There are many more rules about Active and Passive Voices that apply to more complex sentence structures.
- Would you like to know more about the Active and Passive Voices?
PS: Please take a few minutes to read the Wedding Chapter from my soon-to-be-published book (2012) ‘Janelle’s Time.’ You’ll meet Richard and Janelle Grayson, the newlyweds, AND, meet Duke Logan Conor (he crashes the wedding) from my upcoming book, ‘Logan’s Time.’
Posted on November 7, 2011, in Active Voice, author, England, English Grammar, how to, Janelle, Janelle's Time, Logan, Logan's Time, NaNoWriMo, New Hampshire, Passive Voice, research, Richard, Scotland, time, Word, writer, writing and tagged Active Voice, author, England, English Grammar, geren underline, how to, Janelle, Janelle's Time, Logan, Logan's Time, NaNoWriMo, New Hampshire, Passive Voice, research, Richard, Scotland, show don't tell, subject, time, Word, writer, writing. Bookmark the permalink. 2 Comments.